The Public Health and Wellbeing Act 2008 received Royal Assent in September 2008 and took effect on 1 January 2010.
The Act replaces the previous Health Act 1958. It is a key piece of legislation designed to protect the health of Victoria's population, with implications for:
- authorised officers within local councils and the Department of Health & Human Services
- pest control operators
- cooling tower operators
- the governance and management of a range of consultative councils established under the Act
- the management of infectious diseases, micro-organisms and medical conditions by medical and health practitioners, Victoria's Chief Health Officer and affected individuals
- the development of public health policy through providing for municipal public health and wellbeing plans, a State public health and wellbeing plan and in some circumstances, health impact assessments.
The Public Health and Wellbeing Regulations were made by the Governor in Council on 15 December 2009 and took effect on 1 January 2010.
The regulations replace the previous regulations made under the Health Act 1958:
- Health (Consultative Council on Obstetric and Paediatric Mortality and Morbidity) Regulations 2002)
- Health (Exempt Businesses) Regulations 2005
- Health (Immunisation) Regulations 1999
- Health (Infectious Diseases) Regulations 2001
- Health (Legionella) Regulations 2001
- Health (Pest Control) Regulations 2002
- Health (Prescribed Accommodation) Regulations 2001
- Health (Prescribed Consultative Councils) Regulations 2002
- Health (Registration of Premises) Regulations 2002
- Health (Seizure) Regulations 2003
The Public Health and Wellbeing Regulations 2009 contain provisions that cover:
- consultative councils
- prescribed accommodation and registered Premises
- aquatic Facilities
- cooling tower systems and legionella risks in certain premises
- pest control
- management and control of infectious diseases, micro-organisms and medical conditions.
They are available on the Victorian Legislation and Parliamentary website.
Fifteen topics covered by the current Public Health and Wellbeing Regulations will ‘sunset’ on 15 December 2019, so the review process is now underway.