Please see attached Health Alert from Victoria's Chief Health Officer, Dr Brett Sutton, in relation to a case of measles in Victoria.

A new case of measles has recently been diagnosed with public exposure sites in Melbourne.

The man in his 20s is recovering at home. The most recent case arrived from Samoa where there is a measles outbreak.

Victoria's Chief Health Officer, Dr Brett Sutton said there are a large number of ongoing international measles outbreaks in our region - particularly New Zealand where there have been more than 2,000 cases this year - as well as the Pacific Islands, Asia, Europe and America.

"People who are planning overseas travel should ensure they have received vaccinations appropriate to travel, including an MMR vaccine if they do not have a history of two previous MMR vaccinations," Dr Sutton said.

"Free MMR vaccine is now available from GPs and some pharmacies for all eligible people born during or since 1966. Patients unsure of their vaccination status or are aged over 18 months and have only had one vaccine, should be vaccinated."

In 2019 there have now been 44 cases of confirmed measles notified in Victoria. Almost all cases are in people who are not fully immunised against measles, who have either travelled overseas or been in contact with travellers from overseas in Victoria.

The table below is a summary of all the exposure site visited by the case whilst infectious.

Date Time Location Onset of symptoms up to
Thursday, 14 November 7.17am to 9.54am Air New Zealand flight NZ721 from Auckland to Melbourne, arriving 9.54am Monday, 2 December 2019
Thursday, 14 November 9.54am - 11.45am Melbourne Tullamarine Airport, Terminal 2 Monday, 2 December 2019
Thursday, 14 November 11.15am -12.15pm Skybus to Southern Cross station, Spencer St, Melbourne CBD Monday, 2 December 2019
Thursday, 14 November 11.45am - 1.20pm Southern Cross station, Spencer St, Melbourne CBD Monday, 2 December 2019
Thursday, 14 November 12.52pm - 4pm V-line train, Southern Cross station to Shepparton Monday, 2 December 2019
Thursday, 14 November 3.30pm - 4.30pm Shepparton train station, Purcell St, Shepparton Monday, 2 December 2019

Background

Measles is a highly infectious viral disease that can cause serious illness. Those most at risk of serious illness include very young children and adults with weakened immune systems.

People can develop pneumonia and other serious complications from the disease, and often need to be hospitalised.

The illness usually begins with common cold symptoms such as runny nose, red eyes and a cough, followed by fever and rash.

The characteristic measles rash usually begins 3-7 days after the first symptoms, generally starting on the face and then spreading to the rest of the body.

Anyone developing symptoms is advised to ring ahead to their general practitioner or hospital first and tell them that they may have measles so that appropriate steps can be taken to avoid contact with other patients. If you think you might have measles, it's a good idea to stay away from other people as much as possible, particularly those who are unvaccinated or most at risk of serious illness, until you have been assessed by a doctor.

Anyone who is unvaccinated is at highest risk of contracting measles. The disease is now uncommon in Australia because of the widespread use of the measles vaccine, but the disease is more prevalent in many countries overseas. Most cases of measles in Victoria have been linked to international travel.

The measles vaccine is currently recommended on the National Immunisation Program at 12 months and again at 18 months. Immunisation is the best protection against measles.

People need to have received two doses of measles-containing vaccine to be fully protected. Many adults have only received one vaccine against measles and therefore most cases are in this age group.

Most people born before 1966 will have been exposed to measles in childhood, and therefore will be protected.

This means if you are an adult born in or after 1966 - especially if you are planning travel overseas - you may be susceptible and should contact your GP to get vaccinated - and a free Measles, Mumps, Rubella vaccine is available.

Advice from the Australian Academy of Science on measles and overseas travel is available from the academy's website.

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