What is the issue?
Not all mosquitoes carry diseases – most are just a nuisance. Infected mosquitoes can carry a range of diseases including Ross River and Barmah Forest virus. These diseases can cause serious illness and occur regularly in regional Victoria. The summer holiday season is a time of increased outdoor activity so taking measures to avoid mosquito bites is a critical step to protecting against such diseases.
Who is at risk?
Anyone is potentially at risk of being bitten by mosquitoes and while most bites will only cause minor swelling and irritation, an infected mosquito can transmit potentially serious diseases.
Symptoms and transmission
Ross River virus and Barmah Forest virus disease are similar. Both can cause joint swelling and pain, fatigue and muscle aches. A rash and fever may also develop. While everyone recovers from the initial onset, symptoms may reoccur in some individuals for over a year or more.
There are simple steps to protect against mosquito-borne diseases:
- use insect repellents regularly containing picaridin or DEET as an active ingredient on exposed skin areas when camping or engaging in any outdoor activity
- ensure that insect screens fitted to doors and windows are in good condition
- use mosquito coils or citronella candles in small outdoor protected areas.
- wear long, loose-fitting clothing, preferably in light colours
- remove stagnant water around the home or campsites.