What is the issue?
The EU RAPEX system, a rapid alert system for non-food dangerous products, has recalled particular tattoo ink products.
Some of these products contain a chemical compound (phenylenediamines) and/or higher than permitted levels of trace metal contaminants. The European authorities have classified the recall risk as ‘serious’, the highest of four risk levels.
In Victoria, it is illegal to manufacture, sell, supply, possess or use products containing phenylenediamines in preparation for skin colouration (tattooing) unless authorised under the Drugs, Poisons and Controlled Substance Act 1981. Recalled products one to six* listed in Table 1 contain phenylenediamines and are thus illegal in Victoria unless authorised by exception. Any product should be disposed of by returning it to the supplier.
While recalled products seven to nine are legal in Victoria and they may present a risk to health, it is suggested that these products are not used.
Who is at risk?
There may be a health risk for individuals receiving tattoos from premises which use these products.
Table 1: Specifications of products recalled by EU RAPEX system
Recalled products one to six* may contain the cancer-causing chemical (carcinogen) 4-methyl-m-phenylendiamine. Recalled products seven to nine may contain nickel, aromatic amines or hydrocarbons and may present a risk to health.
For further specific product information see the attached downloads.
All premises conducting tattooing are advised to be aware of the recent recalls of tattoo ink in the European Union and ensure that they are not using these products.
It is the responsibility of tattoo premises to ensure that they request a product quality data sheet (certificates of analysis or an equivalent statement) when purchasing inks from suppliers or directly from manufacturers to confirm that the product is safe and legal for use in Victoria.
Under the Public Health and Wellbeing Act 2008 there is a requirement for all businesses involving tattooing to be registered with the local Council. The Public Health and Wellbeing Regulations 2009 set out the requirements that proprietors or occupiers of premises registered under the Public Health and Wellbeing Act 2008 must observe. These include premise cleanliness and infection prevention and control measures for staff and equipment used.
Getting any tattoo carries some health risks. The safest way to get tattoos is from professional tattoo premises that are registered with your local council in Australia. Avoid getting tattoos in other countries outside Australia, particularly in Asia, Africa, Eastern Europe and South America.