Key messages

  • The Public Health and Wellbeing Act 2008 requires that prescribed conditions are notified to the Department of Health and Human Services by persons in charge of pathology services and medical practitioners. 
  • The law exists to monitor and control the occurrence of infectious diseases and other specified conditions, and helps to prevent further illness.
  • This page provides details on which infections must be notified, when you must notify, as well as how to notify.
  • From 1 November 2018 hospitals are required to notify the department where a registered medical practitioner they employ has reasonable grounds to believe that a person presenting for treatment has anaphylaxis.

Hospitals notifying anaphylaxis please click here

The Public Health and Wellbeing Act 2008 requires that prescribed conditions are notified to the Department of Health and Human Services by persons in charge of pathology services (laboratories) and medical practitioners (doctors). The law exists to monitor and control the occurrence of infectious diseases and other specified conditions, and helps to prevent further illness. The aim is to protect the health and safety of the community.

Click the 'Online' or 'Form' link in the Notify now column of the table below to notify the relevant condition. Additional information, fact sheets and forms are available in the Downloads section of this page. Click the link in the BHC info column for patient information about the notifiable condition. The information is provided from the Better Health Channel.

The online notification forms are hosted by the Commonwealth Government's Department of Industry, Innovation and Science. The online forms allow you to save partially completed forms. The information you provide in these forms is protected and only visible by authorised staff within the department.

Important: conditions marked 'urgent' require immediate notification to the department by telephone on 1300 651160 (24/7) upon initial diagnosis or clinical suspicion (presumptive or confirmed).

Notifiable conditions

The table below outlines which infectious diseases and other conditions are notifiable in Victoria, who is required to notify, and the timeframe they are required to notify in. Click on the 'Notifiable condition' name for control guidelines, 'Online' to notify through the web form, 'Form' to download and print a form to return by fax or post, and 'Info' for patient information from the Better Health Channel.

Notifiable condition When to notify Medical Practitioner  Notify now BHC info
Urgent public health concern or emerging disease Urgent  Medical Practitioner notification required Call 1300 651 160 N/A
Anthrax Urgent  Medical Practitioner notification required Call 1300 651 160 Info
Arbovirus infections - other or not further specified – (including Flavivirus infections) Routine  - Online Form Info
Barmah Forest virus infection Routine  - Online Form Info
Botulism Urgent Medical Practitioner notification required Call 1300 651 160 Info
Brucellosis Routine  Medical Practitioner notification required Online Form N/A
Campylobacter infection Routine  - Online Form Info
Chikungunya virus Routine    Medical Practitioner notification required Online Form N/A
Chlamydia trachomatis infection Routine*  - Online Form Info
Cholera Urgent Medical Practitioner notification required Call 1300 651 160 N/A
Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease Routine Medical Practitioner notification required Online Form Info
Cryptosporidiosis Routine Medical Practitioner notification required Online Form Info
Dengue virus infection Routine Medical Practitioner notification required Online Form Info
Diphtheria Urgent Medical Practitioner notification required Call 1300 651 160 Info
Donovanosis (Klebsiella granulomatis infection) Routine* Medical Practitioner notification required Online Form N/A
Food or water borne illness (2 or more related cases) Urgent Medical Practitioner notification required Call 1300 651 160 Info
Gonorrhoea infection Routine* Medical Practitioner notification required Online Form Info
Haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS) Urgent Medical Practitioner notification required Call 1300 651 160 Info
Haemophilus influenzae type b infection (Hib) Urgent Medical Practitioner notification required Call 1300 651 160 Info
Hepatitis A Urgent Medical Practitioner notification required Call 1300 651 160 Info
Hepatitis B – newly acquired or unspecified Routine Medical Practitioner notification required Not currently available Form Info
Hepatitis C – newly acquired or unspecified Routine Medical Practitioner notification required Not currently available Form Info
Hepatitis D Routine Medical Practitioner notification required Online Form Info
Hepatitis E Routine Medical Practitioner notification required Online Form Info
Hepatitis (other viral) Routine - Online Form Info
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection – newly acquired (see also Notification of death in a person with HIV infection) Routine*  Medical Practitioner notification required Not currently available Form Info
Influenza Routine - Online Form Info
Japanese encephalitis Urgent Medical Practitioner notification required Call 1300 651 160 Info
Kunjin / West Nile virus infection Routine Medical Practitioner notification required Online Form Info
Lead (blood lead >5 μg/dL) Routine Medical Practitioner notification required Online Form Info
Legionellosis Urgent Medical Practitioner notification required Call 1300 651 160 Info
Leprosy Routine Medical Practitioner notification required Online Form Info
Leptospirosis Routine - Online Form Info
Listeriosis Urgent Medical Practitioner notification required Call 1300 651 160 Info
Lyssavirus – Australian bat lyssavirus Routine Medical Practitioner notification required Online Form Info
Lyssavirus – other/not further specified Routine Medical Practitioner notification required Online Form Info
Malaria Routine Medical Practitioner notification required Online Form Info
Measles Urgent  Medical Practitioner notification required Call 1300 651 160 Info
Meningococcal infection (invasive) Urgent Medical Practitioner notification required Call 1300 651 160 Info
Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV)  Urgent Medical Practitioner notification required Call 1300 651 160 N/A
Mumps Routine Medical Practitioner notification required Online Form Info
Murray Valley encephalitis virus infection Urgent Medical Practitioner notification required Call 1300 651 160 Info
Mycobacterium ulcerans infection (Buruli ulcer) Routine Medical Practitioner notification required Online Form Info
Paratyphoid Urgent Medical Practitioner notification required Call 1300 651 160 Info
Pertussis Routine Medical Practitioner notification required Online Form Info
Plague Urgent Medical Practitioner notification required Call 1300 651 160 N/A
Pneumococcal infection (invasive) Routine Medical Practitioner notification required Online Form Info
Poliovirus infection Urgent Medical Practitioner notification required Call 1300 651 160 Info
Psittacosis (ornithosis) Routine Medical Practitioner notification required Online Form Info
Q fever Routine Medical Practitioner notification required Online Form Info
Rabies Urgent Medical Practitioner notification required Call 1300 651 160 N/A
Ross River virus infection Routine - Online Form Info
Rotavirus infection Routine - Online Form Info
Rubella Routine Medical Practitioner notification required Online Form Info
Rubella – congenital Routine Medical Practitioner notification required Online Form Info
Salmonellosis Routine Medical Practitioner notification required Online Form Info
Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) Urgent Medical Practitioner notification required Call 1300 651 160 Info
Shigatoxin and verotoxin producing Escherichia coli (STEC/VTEC) Routine  Medical Practitioner notification required Online Form Info
Shigellosis Routine  Medical Practitioner notification required Online Form Info
Smallpox Urgent Medical Practitioner notification required Call 1300 651 160 Info
Syphilis – (2 years or more duration or unspecified) Routine* Medical Practitioner notification required Online
Form
Info
Syphilis – infectious (less than 2 years duration) Routine* Medical Practitioner notification required Online Form Info
Syphilis – congenital
Routine* Medical Practitioner notification required Online Form Info
Tetanus Routine Medical Practitioner notification required Online Form Info
Tuberculosis Routine Medical Practitioner notification required Not currently available
Form Info
Tularaemia Urgent Medical Practitioner notification required Call 1300 651 160 N/A
Typhoid Urgent Medical Practitioner notification required Call 1300 651 160 Info
Varicella zoster infection (chickenpox) Routine Medical Practitioner notification required Online
Form
Info
Varicella zoster infection (shingles) Routine Medical Practitioner notification required Online Form Info
Viral haemorrhagic fevers Urgent Medical Practitioner notification required Call 1300 651 160 Info
Yellow fever Urgent Medical Practitioner notification required Call 1300 651 160 Info
Zika virus infection  Routine  
Medical Practitioner notification required Online
Form
Info

Condition groups

Notifiable conditions are grouped as 'Urgent' or 'Routine' according to when and how they should be notified:

Conditions marked 'Urgent' require immediate notification to the department by telephone on 1300 651 160 (24 hours) upon initial diagnosis or clinical suspicion (presumptive or confirmed).

Conditions marked 'Routine' require written notification within 5 days of diagnosis (presumptive or confirmed).

Conditions marked 'Routine*' include the sexually transmissible diseases. To preclude identification of the patient, only the first two letters of the first and last names of the patient are required. These conditions require written notification within 5 days of the initial diagnosis.

For conditions where notification is required by laboratories, but is not mandated for notification by medical practitioners, medical practitioners may notify voluntarily using the 'Online' or 'Form' links provided in the above table.

Notification of urgent and emerging public health concerns is permitted under the general authority provided by section 55 of the Public Health and Wellbeing Act 2008. The authority allows medical practitioners and pathology services to provide the department with any case information that relates to an urgent or serious potential public health risk. Within this authority, medical practitioners are able highlight at risk cases, or cases with an importance to public health that are only required to be notified by laboratories, such as those with high risk occupations. Examples include a cluster of severe respiratory disease, a cluster of severe unexplained illness or illness from suspected exposure to a serious hazard.

The authority provides an additional line of communication and much needed link between medical practitioners, as the day-to-day ‘eyes and ears’ of the Victorian health system, and the department. The authority may also be utilised for emerging diseases (identified by the Chief Health Officer or nationally) and increases the sensitivity of the Victorian surveillance system in an era of increasing emerging infections.

How to notify

Note: Urgent conditions must be notified immediately (24/7) by telephone to 1300 651 160.

Notify all other conditions using one of the following methods:

  • Fax to 1300 651 170
  • Post to Department of Health and Human Services, Reply Paid 65937, Melbourne VIC 8060
  • Online (via this page).   

Standard notification forms are available for all condition conditions and contain the minimum mandatory information required. Using the standard form, you can notify securely online, or download a form from the links above and return the form by post or fax.

Enhanced notification forms are available for some diseases, via the links in the above table. Enhanced notification forms collect the same mandatory information as the standard form, as well as additional epidemiological data about the case and/or potential public health risks.

Do not email notifications.

Contact details