The department regulates the use of radiation to protect people and the environment from its harmful effects by administering the Radiation Act 2005. The Act establishes a system of licensing users of radiation sources and managers of radiation practices. Under the Act, it is an offence to use a radiation source or conduct a radiation practice without a licence.
The Act includes regulation-making powers under which the Radiation Regulations 2017 have been made. Both management and use licences within Victoria require compliance with certain codes of practice and standards.